The Sharia Laws of Islam

When A Disbeliever works in A Company Owned by A Muslim

When A Disbeliever works in A Company Owned by A Muslim

When A Disbeliever works in A Company Owned by A Musiim

In the name of Allah, peace and prayer of Allah be upon His messenger, amma ba’du

In general, muslims are allowed to employ disbeliever in their company or foundation. There are several indications that support this claim. In his book of sound hadith, Imam al Bukhari wrote in a chapter titlled ,

باب إِذَا وَكَّلَ الْمُسْلِمُ حَرْبِيًّا فِى دَارِ الْحَرْبِ ، أَوْ فِى دَارِ الإِسْلاَمِ، جَازَ

It is allowed for a muslim to be represented by a harb infidel (the part of disbelievers/infidels with the harshest enmity towards Islam–ed) in a harb country, or in a islamic country. (see: Shahih Bukhari, 8/349).

And his opinion regarding law matters is known by every title of the chapter in his book of valid hadith.

Then he mentioned a hadith from Abdurrahman bin Auf –may Allah be pleased with him-, in which he said,

كَاتَبْتُ أُمَيَّةَ بْنَ خَلَفٍ كِتَابًا بِأَنْ يَحْفَظَنِى فِى صَاغِيَتِى بِمَكَّةَ ، وَأَحْفَظَهُ فِى صَاغِيَتِهِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ

I wrote a letter to Muawiya Ibn Khalaf to protect my kins in Mecca, and I’ll protect his kins in Medina. (Narrated by Bukhari no. 2301).
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The Sharia Laws of Islam

Employee and Wage: Through Islamic Perspective (part 2)

The Waging (Remuneration) System

The Waging (Remuneration) System

Author: Prof. Muhammad

(Chairman of Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi Islam (STEI)Yogyakarta)

In Islam, Wage is also called “ujrah”. Wage is a compensation over service given by worker. To further insight of thorough definition of wage in Islam, we shall see chapter At Taubah (The Repentance) :105, which can be translated as, “And tell them, (O Prophet): “Keep working: Allah will behold your works and so will His Messenger and the believers; and you shall be brought back to Him Who knows that which is beyond the reach of perception and that which is within the reach of perception. He will then declare to you all that you have been doing.” And chapter An Nahl/The Bee: 97, which can be translated as, “Whosoever acts righteously – whether a man or a woman – and embraces belief, We will surely grant him a good life; and will surely grant such persons their reward according to the best of their deeds.”
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The Sharia Laws of Islam

Employee and Wage: Through Islamic Perspective (part 1)

Employee and Wage Through Islamic Perspective

Employee and Wage: Through Islamic Perspective (part 1)

Author: Prof. Muhammad

(Chairman of Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi Islam (STEI)Yogyakarta)

Islam has a distinct perspective regarding employment which contains at least four principles to honor the employee or worker’s rights, including the wage distribution system.

Worker and his wage is something inseparable. Both has always became interesting topic to discuss about; even the labor strike also mostly about their demand to get a raising in salary. My article this time will be discussing about these two important topics. Important, I say, because policy in the minimum wage sector has became a part of a wider agenda of reformation of employment. This policy arises after the economic crisis in 1997/1998; also, in Indonesia, through the government’s commitment regarding the minimum wage of the worker.
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The Sharia Laws of Islam

Establishing The Gender of Babies according to Medical and Islamic perspectives

Establishing The Gender of Babies according to Medical and Islamic perspectives

Establishing The Gender of Babies according to Medical and Islamic perspectives

Question:

Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Shalih Al Uthaymeen was asked: How to correlate between the ever-developing medical science as today, when it is able to reveal the sex of babies which are still in their mother’s womb, whether they are boy or girl, and Allah’s verse:

“It is He Who sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs,” (Chapter Luqman: 34)

Besides, what about the interpretation of some scholars, such as mentioned in the tafseer of Ibn Jarir, from Mujahid, that a man came to ask to the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- about what will his wife give birth to. Then Allah revealed the previous verse – as narrated by Qatada -. What is the specificity that is contained in the generality of Allah’s verse. “What is in the wombs”?

Answer:

Before we discuss about this matter, I’d like to explain that it is absolutely impossible for a contradiction to happen between the Qur’an and phenomena that we see today.
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The Sharia Laws of Islam

A Proper Will in Shari’a

A Proper Will in Shari'a

A Proper Will in Shari’a

Author: ustadz Aris Munandar MPI

Misunderstanding a will brings fatal effect. Mistake in will means transgression of right. Thus, as a good muslim, we shall understand about this matter, since we’re all heading to our death.

Several days before I wrote this article, I had a conversation with a man who comes from a polygamous family – his father had two wives, and he was his son from the second wife. From the first wife, his father had nine child, whereas from his second wife, he had five child. Before his father died, he wrote a will contains arrangement of division of inheritance of his wealth. Children of the second wife were given inheritance of two locations, whereas children of the first wife were given inheritance of one location but with greater value. This is the example of will that is not allowed in shari’a.

A question arises, “Why it is considered as prohibited will?”. Find the answer in the article below.

Definition of Will

The word “wasiat” (will) is one of the Arabic words that has been adopted in Indonesia language. In its mother language, it means a stressed (emphasized) order.
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