Monthly Archives: September, 2013

No Side Job for the Employees

No Side Job for the Employees

No Side Job for the Employees

Lately, a rule was made which forbade the civil servant to start an entrepreneurship or a business; which, in turn, bothered the mind of some civil servants. Moreover if they are of lower income civil servant and heavily burdened with their family needs.

Such rule has actually been long ceased, but the discourse around it emerged back recently as a respond towards the extermination of corruption and the lack of working productivity among the civil servants.

What then, according to the law of sharia, the status of income of civil servant who has an entrepreneurship? Is it lawful or unlawful? Below is the complete explanation of these questions.

Basically, a civil servant or private employe is allowed to have a side job beside his main job. The employer is not rightful to prevent his employee to have a side job, as long as the employee still work and carry out his main task properly.

Sheikh Abdullah Ibn Jibrin once was asked, “Is it alright for an employee to have a side job, which he runs on holiday or at night time after he accomplished his main task?”

He replied, “A servant or employee may have a side job which he run at night, or evening, or on holiday, with a requirement that the side job shouldn’t tire him so hence he is unable to work properly or the side job caused him to be bored with his main job thus his productivity decline. As long as there are no such things, it is alright for an employee to work and his wage from the job is lawful for him. The employer shouldn’t prohibit his employee to have a side job.

Likewise the civil servant; he shouldn’t be prohibited to have a side job which he run at home, in a field he mastered, and the wage he earned from that side job is his right because he obtained it with his struggles.” (Fatwa of Scholars of The Holy City. Page: 377. Published by Dar Ibn al Haitsam, Egypt).

Author: ustadz Aris Munandar, M.Pi.
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Ruling for Giving Away Music CD As A Gift

Ruling for Giving Away Music CD As A Gift

Question: “I was a music fan back then, and now I’ve repented from it. I have numerous music CDs. What should I do with those CDs?”Music CD

Answer: “All praises be to Allah, Who has bestowed upon you repentance and guidance to the straight path. We ask Allah to add us all guidance and strength upon His path.

It is true that one must not give any gifts to other that might aid and support the one he gave to commit wickedness, such as giving away music CD to people whose hobby is listening to the music. Thus, your obligation towards those CDs is to erase the music content in it, then replace it with beneficial records such as Qur’an recitation or lectures from sunni scholars. The second option is to give the CDs to those who are willing to rewrite it with useful records and distribute it to whoever needs it.

If the CDs couldn’t be re-written, or erased and then filled with useful records, then the only choice is to destroy it. It is not allowed to sell or to give it away to people who want to listen to the music in it because it included in aiding one another in sins and transgressions of shari’a.”


Author: Ustadz Aris Munandar, M.PI
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Do not Easily Forbid A Thing For Your self

Do not Easily Forbid A Thing For Your self

Do not Easily Forbid A Thing For Your self

A man once asked the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-

“O Messenger of Allah, indeed, if I ate meat, I immediately went to my wife and my sexual desire was highly increased. Thus, I have forbidden meat for myself.”

Then Allah revealed His divine decree, ,

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تُحَرِّمُواْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا أَحَلَّ اللّهُ لَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُواْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ. وَكُلُواْ مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللّهُ حَلاَلاً طَيِّباً وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ الَّذِيَ أَنتُم بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ

“Believers! Do not hold as unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful to you,  and do not exceed the bounds of right. Allah does not love those who transgress the bounds of right. And partake of the lawful, good things which Allah has provided you as sustenance, and refrain from disobeying Allah in Whom you believe.” (QS. Al-Ma`idah/The Table Spread: 87–88)

Source: Fatawa Rasulullah: Anda Bertanya Rasulullah Menjawab, Edited by Sheikh Qasim Ar-Rifa’i. Author: Ibn Qoyyim al Jauziyyah. First edition. Published by Pustaka As Sunnah:2008.

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Dealing in A Contract with A Real estate contractor

Dealing in A Contract with A Real estate Contractor

There was a man who wished to build a house. He signed a contract with a contractor. The contractor said that if the building fee was to be paid in cash, the amount was so and so. Whereas if the fee was to be paid in several installments, then the amount would be larger. Is such contract lawful according to shari’a?


Answered by The Lajnah Daimah:
It is allowed for a muslim to make a contract of cooperation with a contractor so that the contractor build a house for him with a cost of 500 thousand Saudi reals, since the payment will be settled in several installments which to be paid in certain time interval. Whereas if is paid fully in advance the cost will be just 400 thousand reals.

Such transaction is not a kind of usury, but it is similar to the non-cash transaction which cost is higher than the cash transaction.

A muslim is allowed to sell a cloth priced 10 thousands if the transaction is a non cash one; whereas if it is paid in cash the price will just be 9 thousands.

But in such case, both the seller and the buyer should not leave the place of transaction but after they agreed upon which payment form to be applied, whether it is the advance, full payment with a cheaper price, or the installments with a consequently higher price.

The above fatwa was signed by Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz, Abdurrazzaq Afifi and Abdullah bin Qaud. (Fatwas of  Lajnah Daimah part:14 Page. 396-397, the first question in fatwa no.2573).

Author: Ustadz Aris Munandar, M.PI.
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Praying at the Mosque or at the Office?

Praying at the Mosque or at the Office?

Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen said, “We should ask the office authority, is it possible for the employees to go to the nearest mosque or not?

Praying at the Mosque or at the Office

If it is possible for them to go to the nearest mosque without neglecting their works, then it is compulsory for the employees of that office to pray at the mosque, because the strongest opinion is that the congregational prayer must be done at the mosque, and not merely praying in congregation, although there are scholars who stated that the most important thing is praying in congregation, whether it is done at the mosque, at home, or even at the office.

But if going to the mosque is not possible due to several reasons: the mosque is located far from the office, or it is feared that if the employees are allowed to go to the mosque they will go scattering around, or even use the chance to return home, or their work will be neglected if they left it to the mosque, because the works are just plenty at that time; in such condition, the employees may pray in congregation at the office because carrying the office tasks is indeed an obligation that could not be deserted.

We said that the employees may pray in congregation at the office, so they should all gather in a certain place and pray under the leadership of an imam.

It is compulsory to do if it is possible, but if it isn’t, and the office is comprised of several floors, the employees of each floor must gather in a certain place on each floor to pray in congregation.”

Sheikh Sholih al Fauzan said, “It is compulsory to do the congregational prayer at the mosque if it is possible. It is allowed to pray in congregation at the office if going to the mosque causes several problems, such as:

The works will be neglected, or the lazy employee can avoid the congregational prayer or even worse, one who lazily pray may avoid the prayer at all; at such condition, disciplining the employees to perform congregational prayer even though just at the office is an obligation to do, hence, every compulsory prayer should be done in congregation as much as possible.

The allowance for the employees to go to the mosque, then some of them do not pray at all, or pray alone, is an evil mistake that might be eliminated by disciplining them to pray in congregation at the office.

It is also lawful for the office leaders to pray in congregation at the mosque, not with the congregation of their employees at their office. Each of them has taken the right step, inshaa Allah. “ (See: “Fatawa Muhimmah li Muwazhzhofil Ummah, page 1-2).

Author: ustadz Aris Munandar, M.Pi.
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