Rulings for Selling Pig to the Infidels
I married a foreigner. We run a trading business, and one of its business is selling porks but only to the non muslim. At the beginning, I objected, and honestly, until now, I’m still objecting, but it is this sector that gives us more income. Am I doing sin, Ustadz?. I do it to help my husband. Insha Allah, I try my best to maintain my worship, but I feel uneasy due to that impurity.
Please give me your advice.
From: Tee Comans
In the name of Allah, peace and prayer of Allah be upon His messenger.
Below are several indications that might help to form the answer to that question above.
Firstly: All muslims who are aware of his religion, agree that pig (pork) is unlawful, even though some of them couldn’t mention the indication by heart.
The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- has given one basic principle regarding the unlawful things. In a hadith recorded from Ibn Abbas -may Allah be pleased with them both-, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,
إِنَّ اللَّهَ إِذَا حَرَّمَ شَيْئًا حَرَّمَ ثَمَنَهُ
”Indeed, if Allah forbade something, He also forbade the result of the selling of that forbidden thing.” (Narrated by Ahmad, no. 2221, Abu Daud 3488, Ibn Hibban 4938 and others).
The reason why this hadith was revealed is as told by Jabir Ibn Abdillah -may Allah be pleased with them both- that the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- preached, at the time of the conquest of Mecca,
«إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَرَّمَ بَيْعَ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْتَةَ، وَالْخِنْزِيرَ، وَالْأَصْنَامَ» فَقِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَرَأَيْتَ شُحُومَ الْمَيْتَةِ فَإِنَّهُ يُطْلَى بِهَا السُّفُنُ، وَيُدْهَنُ بِهَا الْجُلُودُ، وَيَسْتَصْبِحُ بِهَا النَّاسُ، فَقَالَ: «لَا هُوَ حَرَامٌ»، ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ: «قَاتَلَ اللَّهُ الْيَهُودَ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَّا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ شُحُومَهَا أَجْمَلُوهُ ثُمَّ بَاعُوهُ فَأَكَلُوا ثَمَنَهُ»
“Indeed, Allah has forbidden you to sell intoxicant, carcass, pig, and idol.” Then a companion asked him, “O Messenger of Allah, what about the fat of carcass?. This oil (from that fat) are used to oil the boat, animal’s skin, and as fuel for the lamps.” He said, “No, those are unlawful.” Then the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- told them about the condition of the Jews. “Allah has cursed the Jews. When Allah forbade the animal’s fat, they melted it (by heat thus the fat turned into oil), then they sold it, and they ate from the result of that sale.” (Narrated by Bukhari no. 2236, Muslim no.1581, Abu Daud no. 3486, and others).
An Nawawi (died year 676 H) said,
وأما الميتة والخمر والخنزير : فأجمع المسلمون على تحريم بيع كل واحد منها . قال القاضي : تضمن هذا الحديث أن ما لا يحل أكله والانتفاع به لا يجوز بيعه , ولا يحل أكل ثمنه , كما في الشحوم المذكورة في الحديث
“As for carcass, intoxicant, and pig, the muslims have agreed that it is unlawful to sell them all. Al Qadhi Iyadh said, “This hadith contains some lessons; that the animals that are unlawful to eat and to be used, shouldn’t be traded, and it is unlawful to consume the result of that sale. As in the case of fat that is mentioned in this hadith.” (See: Sharh Shahih Muslim, 11/8).
The Lajnah Daimah also used this hadith in its fatwa, when it was asked about the ruling for trading the intoxicant and pig, but not to the muslims.
The Lajnah Daimah answered,
لا يجوز المتاجرة فيما حرم الله من الأطعمة وغيرها ، كالخمور والخنزير ولو مع الكفرة ؛ لما ثبت عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال : ( إن الله إذا حرم شيئا حرم ثمنه ) ..
“It is not allowed to trade food or other thing that Allah forbade. Such as intoxicant, pig, even (to sell it) to the infidels. That is because there is a valid hadith from the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-, (which says), ”Indeed, if Allah forbade something, He also forbade the result of the selling of that forbidden thing.” (Fatwas of Lajnah Daimah, 13/15).
By understanding these basics, there are two consequences that follow:
First: To repent and ask for Allah’s forgiveness, since you’ve done a forbidden transaction.
Second: To clean yourself from the unlawful money, by distributing it to the poor or donating it to fund the public facilities.
Allah knows best.
Answered by Ustadz Ammi Nur Baits.
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