Monthly Archives: May, 2013

The Blessings in Family Income

The Blessings in Family Income

ings in Family IncomeAs a perfect religion, Islam has arranged and regulated, also explained in details, every single thing needed by it’s followers throughout their lives, in order to achieve wellness in worldly affairs, and in the Hereafter.

Allah declared,

{وَنزلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَانًا لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَى لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ}

“We sent down the Book to you which makes everything clear, and serves as a guidance and mercy and glad tidings to those who have submitted to Allah.” (QS. An-Nahl/The Bee: 89).

And when a noble companion, Salman al Farisi -may Allah be pleased with him- was asked by a disbeliever, “Is it true that your prophet (prophet Muhammad -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-) has taught you everything, even the manners in defecating?”. Salman replied, “Indeed, he -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- forbade us to face the qiblah while defecating and urinating…”[1]

Also not excluded from those details, the affairs related to managing and spending the income; all has been well regulated by the Qur’an and the valid sayings of the Prophet, in order to guide the believers to achieve the blessings and excellences from Allah in their spending, due to their obedience to His commands. The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

«إِنَّكَ لَنْ تُنْفِقَ نَفَقَةً تَبْتَغِى بِهَا وَجْهَ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ أُجِرْتَ عَلَيْهَا، حَتَّى مَا تَجْعَلُ فِي فِي امْرَأَتِكَ»

“You will be rewarded for whatever you spend for Allâh’s sake, even if it were a morsel which you put in your wife’s mouth.’‘ [2]

Besides, managing the spending according to Allah’s guidance is the best way to overcome the evil nature of men’s lust, that will never be satisfied with riches and the world, just as the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “If the son of Adam were given a valley of gold, he would love to have a second one; and if he were given the second one, he would love to have a third,” [3]

Also his saying, “Indeed there is a trial for every nation, and the trial for my nation is wealth.” [4]

The Obligation of Managing The Wealth

The Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

«لاَ تَزُولُ قَدَمَا عَبْدٍ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حَتَّى يُسْأَلَ عَنْ عُمْرِهِ فِيمَا أَفْنَاهُ وَعَنْ عِلْمِهِ فِيمَا فَعَلَ وَعَنْ مَالِهِ مِنْ أَيْنَ اكْتَسَبَهُ وَفِيمَا أَنْفَقَهُ وَعَنْ جِسْمِهِ فِيمَا أَبْلاَهُ»

“The feet of the slave of Allah shall not move [on the Day of Judgement] until he is asked about five things: About his life and what he did with it, about his knowledge and what he did with it, about his wealth and how he earned it and where he spent it on, and about his body and for what did he wear it out.” [5]

This noble hadith exemplified the obligation to manage the expenses in virtuous matters, of which Allah pleased, because men will be asked later on the Last Day about the wealth they spent during their lifetime. [6]

In another hadith, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “Indeed, Allah detests for your sake, three things…..(amongst which is) wasting of money…” [7]

The meaning of “the wasting of money” is using it for other than obedience to Allah the Glorified and Exalted, or spending it extravagantly. [8]
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Retribution Regarding Honors of Others

Retribution is also prescribed in cases of honors. If one cursed other person, or invoking evil upon him, then the person is allowed to do the same on him. Likewise if one scorned him with a scorn which is not a form of lies. However, forgiving is the best of all, since Allah the Exalted had decreed, which can be translated as,

“The recompense of evil is evil the like of it.  But he who forgives and makes amends, his reward lies with Allah. Surely He does not love the wrong-doers. There is no blame against him who avenges himself after he has been wronged.” (QS. Asy-Syura/The Council: 40-41)

The Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

“Anything said by two people scorning each other, Will be carried out by one who started it among them, as long as one being oppressed hasn’t transgressed.”

It is also called as “self-defense”. Whereas the scorn without lie in it is, such as revealing one’s wickedness, or calling him names such as dog, donkey, and the like. As for him making lies, then it is not allowed for other to telling the same lies of him in return.

If one accused other of being an infidel, or wicked man, without proof, then it is also not allowed for the accused one to accuse or label him with the similar. Or if one cursed his father, his tribe, his people, or the like, then it is unlawful for him to do injustice to those uninvolved parties (by cursing his father, tribe, people, as a return) since they do not join him in doing injustice to him. Allah the Exalted decreed, which can be translated as,

“Believers! Be upright bearers of witness for Allah, and do not let the enmity of any people move you to deviate from justice. Act justly, that is nearer to God-fearing. And fear Allah. Surely Allah is well aware of what you do.” (QS. Al-Maidah/The Table Spread: 8)

After that, Allah commanded the believers to hold back their hatred, so that it wouldn’t cause them to do injustice towards the infidels. Allah decreed, “Act justly, that is nearer to God-fearing.”

Although violating others on their honors is unlawful, it is allowed for one to retaliate the perpetrator with the similar. For example, invoking badness upon him, as what he did. As for the unlawful return, such as telling lies, such is strictly forbidden to do (that is to return with the similar lies). That is the opinion of some experts in Islamic laws; If one killed other people by burning, drowning,strangling him, or the like, then the perpetrator must be punished with the similar as his deed, as long as the deed isn’t an unlawful act, such as forcing him to drink alcohol, and sodomized him. If so, then it is forbidden to punish him with the similar act. Some of the scholars said, “No punishment on him but with sword.” But the first opinion is the closer to the Qur’an, sunnah, and justice.

Source: Fatwa Collection of Ibn Taimiyya, by Sheikh al Islam Ibn Taimiyya. Published by Darul Haq.

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Is the salary of a servant a kind of alms?

Is the salary of a servant a kind of alms?

Assalamu’alaikum. Is our payment of the monthly salary of our servant, aside than fulfilling our obligation to pay the salary, considered as an alms too? Please give us an explanation.

From : Siti Khodijah (Member of Mailing List Fatwa of KPMI)

Answer: Regarding the salary of the servant

Wa’alaikumussalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakuh.

Yes, the salary of the servant is among the kinds of alms, in fact it is also rewarding, as mentioned in the hadith of Abu Mas’ud al-Badri – may Allah be pleased with him-, that the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

إن المسلم إذا أنفق على أهله نفقة وهو يحتسبها كانت له صدقة

“Indeed a Muslim if he support his family with a livelihood, and he hopes the reward of it, then it’s a living concentrated in a charity for him. “ (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)

And in the narration from Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqash, the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,

ولست تنفق نفقة تبتغي بها وجه الله إلا أجرت عليها حتى ما تضعه في في امرأتك

“You do not give any of the living, of which you expect the face of Allah with it, but you will be rewarded accordingly, even a food that you give to your wife’s mouth.” (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim)
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Her Prospective Husband Working at The Bank

Her Prospective Husband Working at The Bank

usuryQuestion: “There’s a man who is always perform the prayer regularly, and possesses noble manners proposed to me. Unfortunately, he works as an accountant in a conventional bank (banks that are still practicing usury, -ed.) Should I accept his proposal or not?”

Answer: “It is absolutely not allowed for one to work in the conventional banks, whether as an accountant or as other positions, since working in such bank is a form of helping one another in sin and transgression. Working on the documentation or accounting department in a bank of usury is greater in sin than working on the parts that does not support the usury transactions directly.

عَنْ جَابِرٍ رضي الله عنه قَالَ لَعَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ آكِلَ الرِّبَا وَمُؤْكِلَهُ وَكَاتِبَهُ وَشَاهِدَيْهِ . وَقَالَ : هُمْ سَوَاءٌ

From Jabir, he said, “The Messenger of Allah cursed the eater of usury, his client, one who record it, and two witnesses to the transaction of usury. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘They’re all the same.” (Narrated by Muslim, in hadith no. 1598)

Incomes from such occupation is an illegal income. Thus, we suggest you to turn down the man’s proposal because accepting it will affect the foods, drinks, and the living you obtain, which come from illegal wealth.

أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ طَيِّبٌ لا يَقْبَلُ إِلا طَيِّبًا ، وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِمَا أَمَرَ بِهِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ ،

The Prophet said, “O all men, verily Allah is benevolent and does not accept except the good, and that Allah commanded the believers with such command that Allah has given to the messengers.’
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Rulings reageding Bribing to Get a Job

Rulings reageding Bribing to Get a JobQuestion: “I found three opinions regarding is it lawful or not to give an amount of money to certain people to get a job, whether it is given to private or public company. First, it is lawful to do so. Second, it is lawful to do so but with requirement that  the applicant is qualified to work  at that field, his action doesn’t break other people’s chance, the job is a legal one, and there is an urgent demand to work on that field. Third, it is allowed in private institution with the requirements above, but it is not allowed in state institutions. Which of three opinions is the strongest? “

Answer: The second opinion, which allows one to hand over an amount of money to get a job, with certain requirements already mentioned in the question, is the better and the closer one to the truth. whether in the private or the state institutions, By fulfilling the requirements, it is clear that the person is eligible for the position.

By that, money that he gave was unlawful for one who received it, but it was alright for the giver, because it was given to obtain his right proven by his eligibility to fill the position, and this bribery didn’t harm anyone. Giving a sum of money to the authority to eliminate other people’s right – based on private interest of those who gave their money- is an unlawful act, due to Allah’s decree,

وَلاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَالَكُم بَيْنَكُم بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتُدْلُواْ بِهَا إِلَى الْحُكَّامِ لِتَأْكُلُواْ فَرِيقاً مِّنْ أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ بِالإِثْمِ وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

‘Do not usurp one another’s possessions by false means, nor proffer your possessions to the authorities so that you may sinfully and knowingly usurp a portion of another’s possessions. (Q.s. Al-Baqarah/The Cow:188)

This verse is the reason why there are hadith which forbid people to give presents to the authority, because such present would trigger oppression and transgression of others’ rights.

Doing favor in sins is an unlawful action in shari’a, as mentioned in Allah’s decree:,

وَتَعَاوَنُواْ عَلَى الْبرِّ وَالتَّقْوَى وَلاَ تَعَاوَنُواْ عَلَى الإِثْمِ وَالعُدْوَانِ

“rather, help one another in acts of righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression. Fear Allah: Surely Allah is severe in retribution.” (Q.s. Al-Maidah/The Table Spread:2).”


Author: Ustadz Aris Munandari, S.S., M.PI.

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