Selling Skin of Sacrificed Animal
What is the ruling of selling skin of the sacrificed animal, and the money is used to buy some meat or goat?
Please explain it with supporting indications. Thank you.
Wa ‘alaikumus salam
It is not allowed to trade any part of the sacrificed animal at all, whether it is its meat, skin, head, fur, bone, or other body parts. Ali Ibn Abi Thalib –may Allah be pleased with him- said,
أن نبي الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أمره أن يقوم على بدنة وأمره أن يقسم بدنه كلها لحومها وجلودها وجلالها في المساكين ولا يعطي في جزارتها منها شيئا
“The Messenger of Allah –peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- ordered me to take care of the slaughtering of the camel that he was going to sacrifice. He also ordered me to distribute all of its body skin and back skin. And I was not allowed to give any of it to the butcher.”(Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).
Moreover, there is a major threat for those who trade any part of the sacrificed animal, as in a hadith from Abu Huraira –may Allah be pleased with him-, that the Prophet –peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said,
من باع جلد أضحيته فلا أضحية له
“Whoever sells the skin of his sacrificed animal, his sacrifice is worthless.” (Narrated by Al Hakim 2/390 and Al Baihaqi. Sheikh al Albani commented, “Good hadith”).
Firstly, among the form of trading of part of sacrificed animal is exchanging its skin or head with meat, or selling its skin and later use its result to buy a goat or meat. Because the essence of trading is exchanging goods despite with things that are not money.
Secondly, transaction of selling skin of sacrificed animal that is yet to be distributed is invalid. It means that the seller is not allowed to receive money from the selling of the skin and the buyer is not allowed to receive the skin that he buys.
It is as said by al Baijuri: “The trading (of part of sacrificed animal) is invalid, besides, it is forbidden transaction.” He also said, “Trading of skin of sacrificed animal is also invalid because of a hadith narrated by Hakim (see the hadith above).” (See: Fiqh Syafi’i 2/311).
Thirdly, If the skin is already given to others, then people who receives it is allowed to use it as he pleases, whether he sells it or uses it for another purpose, because it becomes his right already. Whereas selling the skin is forbidden before it is distributed (wherewithal), whether it is done by the committee or the owner.
Allah knows best.
Answered by ustadz Ammi Nur Baits
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