يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ذَلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
Which can be translated as, “Believers, when the call for Prayer is made on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and give up all trading. That is better for you, if you only knew.” (Q.s. Al-Jumuah/The Friday Prayer:9)
The verse above is an indication that shows the illicit of buying and selling on Friday, since the calling of prayer that is announced as preacher stands in the pulpit begins until the Friday prayer is completed.
An Nawawi Of madzhab Shafi’i said, “Since we stated that selling and buying transaction on that time is forbidden, then other kind of transactions, manufacturing activities, and other activities that busying one and preventing him from going to the mosque to perform the Friday prayer are also forbidden.” (See:”Al Majmu'”, 4:500)
This transaction of buying and selling is forbidden if one of the them, the seller or the buyer, is a person who are obliged to perform the Friday prayer. Thus, if there are two people who are not obliged to do it, for example two women doing transaction, then such transaction is alright.
If the buying and selling was done, is it considered as a valid transaction?
The scholars held different opinions in this problem. Scholars of Shafi’i and Hanafi considered the transaction as valid, but one who did it was guilty. Whereas Imam Ahmad and Daud Azh Zhahiri considered the transaction as invalid one.
The first opinion is the stronger, since the prohibition in this matter is related to the matter out of the transaction itself.
Reference: “Tamamul Minnah fi Fiqhil Kitab wa Shahihis Sunnah”, by Adil bin Yusuf Al-Azzazi, 3rd book, page 324–325
Author: Ustadz Aris Munandar, S.S., M.PI
Article of www.syaria.com
Description: trading after the call of friday prayer