Tag Archives: fasting

It is not Just About Self-restraining

It is not Just About Self-restraining

It is not Just About Self-restraining

According to shari’a definition, fasting is “An act of worship dedicated to Allah the Exalted by restraining from anything that could invalidate it since the breaking of dawn until the sun set.” As for invalidators of fasting, in Islam, are: Eating, drinking, deliberate vomiting, and having sexual intercourse.

If there’s any kind of self-restraining beside it, then it is not considered as fasting in Islam.

For example: If there’s a person who aim to get closer to Allah the Exalted by restraining himself from consuming meat; or by consuming only white rice; or by restraining himself from talking to anyone; or from sleeping; or from sitting; or from sheltering; and so on; those are not valued as fasting in Islam.

In a hadith, it is mentioned that one day, when the Messenger of Allah was preaching, one of his companions chose to stand under the very hot sun. The Messenger asked, what is he doing. The other companions answered that he is Abu Israil, and he had vowed not to sit, take shelter, talk, and he is fasting. Upon hearing that, the Messenger said, “Tell him to sit, shelter, talk, and continue his fast.” (Narrated by Bukhari no. 6704)
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AFTER THE RAMADAN PASSED….

Author: Ustadz Abu Ahmad Said Yai, MA

Before we realize it, the month of Ramadan has passed. It is too bad that we’ve to leave it for now, but it is a must; we ought to bid farewell to it, while waiting for the next Ramadan. And now we’re in the month of Syawwal, in which we are advised to fast for six days. It doesn’t have to be in consecutive, as it may be done separately, as long as it is still during the month of Syawwal. The Messenger of Allah –peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, :

(( مَنْ صَامَ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ أَتْبَعَهُ سِتًّا مِنْ شَوَّالٍ كَانَ كَصِيَامِ الدَّهْرِ )).

“Whoever performs fast during (the month of) Ramadan, and then (fast) six (days) in the month of Syawwal after that, then it is as if he has performed fast the whole time (one year, -ed).” [1]
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What are the things Compulsory for the Fasting One?

Question:

What are the compulsory deeds for people who are fasting?

Answer:

What compulsory for the fasting ones are increasing their righteous deeds, and avoiding all prohibitions of religion. Whereas what they are requested to do are establishing their religious obligation and avoiding all forbidden things, for example by performing the five compulsory prayers in time in congregation, abandoning lies and gossips, frauds and usury, and all of the forbidden words or deeds. The Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- had declared:

مَنْ لَمْ يَدَعْ قَوْلَ الزُّوْرِ وَالْعَمَلَ بِهِ وَالْجَهْلَ فَلَيْسَ للهِ حَاجَةٌ أَنْ يَدَعَ طَعَامَهُ وَشَرَابَهُ

“Whoever doesn’t abandon the lies and false deeds, and foolish act, then Allah has no need of him leaving his foods and drinks.” [1]

Fatwas regarding fasting, by Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen , page 24.

Footnote:

[1] Narrated by Al Bukhari, in his work, “al-Adabul Mufrad” (6057)

Source of reference: The Actual Fatwas. Book 1. Published by Darul Haq.

Article of www.Syaria.com

When does the Fast Start?

When does the Fast Start?

Question:

One intended to perform voluntary or compulsory fasting, but he woke up to eat his sahoor meal late, when the caller was announcing the calling for the Fajr prayer, and he drank and fast. Was his fasting considered valid? When is the time limit for eating and drinking for people who intends to fast?

Answer:

It is said that the beginning of self restraining to do the things that may invalidate fasting isn’t related to adhan (call for prayer), but to the breaking of the dawn, based on Allah’s decree,

وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الأبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الأسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ

” And eat and drink at night until you can discern the white streak of dawn against the blackness of the night;” (Qs. Al Baqarah/The Cow: 187)

The adhan might differs between a caller and another; some callers might announce the call before the dawn breaking to awake people and thus they might prepare themselves in such condition, it is still allowed to eat and drink between the caller and the dawn breaking; but contrary to that, some callers might announce their calls after the dawn breaking. Thus it is all back to the caller’s habit. Whoever knows that the caller’s habit is to announce the call for prayer before the dawn breaking, he or she might eat and drink after his call until the dawn breaking. It is based on the hadith from the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- :

إن بلالاً يؤذن بليل فكلوا واشربوا حتى يؤذن ابن أم مكتوم‏‏ وكان رجلاً أعمى لا يؤذن حتى يقال له أصبحت‏‏ أصبحت

“Indeed, Bilal announces the call for prayer at night, thus you might eat and drink until Ibn Ummi Maktum announces his call, (because) he is a blind man, and he will not announce the call until he has been told that the dawn has broken. The dawn has broken. “ (Narrated by Bukhari in his hadith book, part 3, page 152-153, from a hadith of Ibn Umar -may Allah be pleased with him-)

As for a caller who is known to announce his call at the dawn breaking, then the person who intends to fast should not eat or drink after this caller announce his call. [Taken from Fatwa of Sheikh Shalih Al Fauzan from the book, “Al Muntaqa Min Fatawa Asy Syaikh al Fauzan”]

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Translator: Sigit Hariyanto
Reviewed by: Ustadz Aris Munandar

Article of www.Syaria.com

Does Anger Invalidate Fasting?

Does Anger Invalidate Fasting?

Question:

On Ramadan, someone was angry because of a thing. During his emotional state, he scorned and snapped. Was such deed invalidate his fasting?

Does Anger Invalidate Fasting

Answer:

Being angry doesn’t invalidate his fasting, but reduces it’s reward. Therefore, it is a must for a muslim to restrain himself and his words from mocking other, gossiping, slandering, and other prohibited deeds on Ramadan and on other months as well.

And this self-restraining supposed to be stricter on the month of Ramadan, to preserve the perfection of his fasting, and to avoid all hurtful acts to others, that cause defamation, hostility, and disunity, based on the saying of the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- ,

وَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ صَوْمِ أَحَدِكُمْ فَلاَ يَرْفُثْ وَلاَ يَصْخَبْ فَإِنْ سَابَّهُ أَحَدٌ أَوْ قَاتَلَهُ فَلْيَقُلْ إِنَّي امْرُؤٌ صَائِمٌ

“If one of you is observing Saum (fast), he should avoid saying words that contain sexual matters, and quarreling, and if somebody should fight or quarrel with him, he should say, ‘I am observing Saum (fast).'”(Muttafaqun ‘alaih)

And the guidance is with Allah, peace and prayer of Allah be upon our Prophet, Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

(Fatwas of the Lajnah Ad Daimah Lil Buhutsil ‘Ilmiyah Wal Ifta’, X/333).

Article of www.Syaria.com

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