Category Archives: Trading

The Harm of The Habit of Being in Debt

The Harm of The Habit of Being in Debt

Author: Said Yai bin Imanul Huda, MA

Islam is a noble religion. Islam already oversees all aspects in social life, including debt and credit. Not only does Islam allow a man to owe other, it also regulates the etiquettes and rules in debt.
The basic ruling of debt is permissible (jaa-iz)

Allah the Glorified and Exalted mentioned some of the etiquettes in debt inside the Qur’an. Allaj the Glorified and Exalted decreed,

{ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا تَدَايَنْتُمْ بِدَيْنٍ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى فَاكْتُبُوهُ }

Believers! Whenever you contract a debt from one another for a known term, commit it to writing.” (Chapter Al Baqara/The Cow:282)

Even the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- once indebted to other. At the end of his life, he still owed a jew, and his debt was paid with the armor that he mortgaged to that person
It is narrated from ‘Aisha -may Allah be pleased with her- that she said,

( أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- اشْتَرَى طَعَامًا مِنْ يَهُودِيٍّ إِلَى أَجَلٍ فَرَهَنَهُ دِرْعَهُ )

“The Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- bought food from a jew not in cash, thus he mortgaged his armor to him.” (Narrated by Al-Bukhari no. 2200)
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Ruling of Keeping Animal

keeping animals

Keeping Animal

Assalamu’alaikum.

I’d like to submit several questions:
1. What kinds of animal that are allowed to keep? Please give me a complete list.
2. Is it allowed to keep a turtle of a hamster?
3. Are the unlawful, permitted, or detested animals should not be kept?
4. Is it permissible to lock an animal inside a cage?
Thank you.
Assalamu’alaikum.

Answer:
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Ruling of Recording and Presenting Witness in Debt

Ruling of Recording and Presenting Witness in Debt

Ruling of Recording and Presenting Witness in Debt

In the name of Allah, peace and prayer of Allah be upon His messenger, amma ba’du.

Islam urges that transaction of debt that takes place among people should be recorded. Allah decreed,

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا تَدَايَنْتُمْ بِدَيْنٍ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى فَاكْتُبُوهُ وَلْيَكْتُبْ بَيْنَكُمْ كَاتِبٌ بِالْعَدْلِ وَلَا يَأْبَ كَاتِبٌ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ كَمَا عَلَّمَهُ اللَّهُ فَلْيَكْتُبْ وَلْيُمْلِلِ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ وَلْيَتَّقِ اللَّهَ رَبَّهُ وَلَا يَبْخَسْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا

Believers! Whenever you contract a debt from one another for a known term, commit it to writing. Let a scribe write it down between you justly, and the scribe may not refuse to write it down according to what Allah has taught him; so let him write, and let the debtor dictate; and let him fear Allah, his Lord, and curtail no part of it. (Chapter al Baqara/The Cow:282)
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Ruling of Trading Living Animal by Weighing it

Ruling of Trading Living Animal by Weighing it

Trading Living Animal by Weighing it

What is the ruling of selling living animal by weighing it, such as selling living cow or goat by weighing it?

In the name of Allah, peace and prayer of Allah be upon His messenger, amma ba’du,

In Fatawa Syabakah Islamiyah it is said that,

إن الأصل هو أن الحيوانات الحية من أغنام وأبقار ونحو ذلك لا تحتاج في بيعها إلى وزن، وإنما تباع برؤيتها إذا كانت موجودة، أو بأوصافها التي تميز بعضها عن بعض، بحيث تنتفي الجهالة والغرر

Basically, there’s no need to weigh living animal, such as goat, cow, and the like upon selling them, but it is enough to sell it by looking at it, if it is present on spot or by revealing its detail that differentiate it from others; the point is there is no uncertainty or trickery in it.

أما بيعها على الوزن فلم يكن معروفاً، ولكن الظاهر أنه لا محظور فيه، إذ ليس فيه مانع من موانع البيع، وعليه فلا حرج في شراء الأضحية بالوزن.

As for selling living animal by weighing it, it is a method that is less known to the society. However, we might conclude that there’s no prohibition regarding this matter. Since it contains no forbidden element in trading, therefore, it is no problem to buy a slaughtered animal by weighing it.

And Allah knows best.

Reference: Fatawa Syabakah Islamiyah, no. 14080

Author: Ustadz Ammi Nur Baits

Article of www.syaria.com

Ruling of Triangle-Shaped Credit

Housing Credit

Triangle-Shaped Credit

Question:

Assalamu’alaikum.

Ustadz, there is a friend of mine who is offered to work in an optic shop. Aside from providing cash payment service, the store also give credit facility through certain bank by paying the down payment to the store first. Is this kind of transaction allowed? May he work in that store?

May Allah reward you with goodness.

From: Jumardi

Answer:
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