Obtaining Salary Without Working
Each employee has his or her own responsibility to be committed to their task and carry it out well, thus he or she deserved to earn the salary and the salary is lawful to him or her. If the employee didn’t work supposedly, or didn’t fulfill his task at all, he or she didn’t deserve of the salary. Such salary earned without working is unlawful to him or her. If he or she being stubborn to take it, then he or she has devoured other’s possession wrongfully.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا لَا تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ
“Believers! Do not devour one another’s possessions wrongfully; rather, let there be trading by mutual consent; and do not kill yourselves. Surely Allah is ever Compassionate to you.” (QS. An Nisa/The Women: 29)
The scholars of The Standing Committee said, “It is compulsory for one who is employed with a certain job, from which he may earn some wages, to work appropriately. If he denied his proper task, then it was unlawful for him to take the wage since he took it without mutual compensation given to the employer.” (This fatwa was signed by Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baz, Abdul Aziz alu Syaikh, Abdullah bin Ghadayan, Shalih al Fauzan and Bakr Abu Zaid; Fatwas of Lajnah Daimah/The Standing Committee, 15:153).
The same scholars also addressed that, “Sincerity of the civil servant or the private employees is to carry out their job properly as agreed in their work agreement or in working rules. The job is a trust that is compulsory to accomplish, as in Allah’s verse:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا
“Allah commands you to deliver trusts to those worthy of them;” (QS. An Nisa/The Women:58)
(This fatwa was signed by Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baz, Abdul Aziz alu Sheikh, Shalih al Fauzan and Bakr Abu Zaid; Fatwas of Lajnah Daimah/The Standing Committee, 15:155-156).
Author: Ustadz Aris Munandar, M.PI
Article of www.syaria.com