Rulings for Working in Beer Factory
What is the ruling for a muslim who works in the factory of beer and other intoxicants?
The answer of Lajnah Daimah:
Beer and intoxicants are unlawful things to consume. Building a factory (that produce unlawful things, -ed) and working at it is also unlawful.
عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: سمعت رسول الله –صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول: أتاني جبريل عليه السلام فقال: يا محمد إن الله عز وجل لعن الخمر وعاصرها وشاربها وحاملها والمحمولة إليه وبائعها ومبتاعها وساقيها أخرجه الهيثمي في (مجمع الزوائد)، وقال: رواه أحمد والطبراني ورجاله ثقات، ورواه أبو داود والحاكم وفيه زيادة: ” ومعتصرها “
From Ibn Abbas, I heard the Messenger of Allah told that angel Gabriel once told him: “O Muhammad, verily, Allah has cursed the intoxicant, it’s maker, one who drink it, one who serve it, one who order it, it’s seller, it’s buyer, and one who pour it.” (Al Haitsami included this hadith in “Majmauz Zawaid” and he said, “It is narrated by Ahmad and Thabrani”. The narrators were truthful ones. It is also narrated by Abu Daud and al Hakim with some additions, ‘people who order to make it.’)
It is not allowed to stay working in the beer factory based on this hadith, which indicates that those who work at the intoxicant factory are among the cursed ones. Another reason is that it is considered as helping each other in committing sin and transgression.
وقد قال تعالى: وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَى وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ
“rather, help one another in acts of righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression.” (QS. Al Maidah/The Table Spread: 2).
As for what happened in the past, that is his working in the beer factory because he didn’t know the verdict, he will not get any punishment for it, based on Allah’s decree,
وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّى نَبْعَثَ رَسُولًا
“And never do We punish any people until We send a Messenger (to make the Truth distinct from falsehood).” (QS. Al Isra:/The Night Journey: 15).
A messenger received divine decree from Allah, then he revealed it to his people. Thus, a slave will not be burdened with shari’a until the news about orders or prohibitions in shari’a reached him.
This fatwa was signed by Sheikh Abdurrazzaq Afifi, Abdullah Ibn Abdurrahman Ibn Ghadayan, and Abdullah Ibn Sulaiman Ibn Mani’ (See: Fatwas of Lajnah Daimah, part 14, page 409-410).
Article of www.Syaria.com
Author: Ustadz Aris Munandar, S.S., M.PI.