Author Archives: Muhammad Abduh Tuasikal

A manager double works as an employee in Mudaraba contract

Mudaraba contract

A manager double works as an employee in Mudaraba contract

In the name of Allah. Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarokatuh.

Pardon, may I ask a question? In mudaraba contract, is it lawful for the manager to also work as an employee in that business? In the original contract between the manager and the financier, the manager works as the one who manage the business, but in reality, the manager is not only needed as a manager, but also as the executor of the business itself. Is the salary of that manager considered as lawful, if he earned it as an employee, and not from his managerial task?

May Allah reward you with plenty of goodnesses for your kind answer.

From: Mr. Agus Triyono

Answer:
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How Evil Doing Always Disconcerts The Heart

 How Evil Doing Always Disconcerts The Heart

How Evil Doing Always Disconcerts The Heart

Goodness will always bring peace and serene to man’s soul, and contrary, evil doing will always disconcert it. That is the reality happened to most of the people.

From the grandson of the Messenger of Allah -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him-, Al Hasan Ibn ‘Ali, (he said that) the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “Leave whatever doubt you to what that doesn’t doubt you. Indeed, honesty brings more peace to the soul, whereas lie (cheat) will disconcert it. “ (Narrated by Tirmidhi in hadith no. 2518, and Ahmad no 1/200, the status is sahih). In another saying it was mentioned as, “Goodness always bring peace, whereas evil doing always bring discontent.” (Narrated by Al Hakim, 2/51, the status is sahih).

In another hadith, from Nawas Ibn Sam’an, the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- said, “Goodness is by having noble manners and attitudes. Whereas evil doing (sin) is something that disconcerts the soul. When it is done, certainly you wouldn’t like it to be exposed among people.” (Narrated by Muslim, in hadith no. 2553). An Nawawi -may Allah have mercy on him- explained the hadith by saying, “Sin always disconcert the soul and drive away peace from it. The soul will be restless and always afraid of the sin.” (“Sharh Muslim”, 16/111).

Even if one was confused about it, the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- ordered him to ask for consideration of his heart; whether or not it included in sin or not. It happened when one’s heart was despondent, and had not yet found the exact law of an affair; whether it was a sin or not. The Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- once advised his companion named Wabisha, “Ask about the fatwa to your soul. Ask about the fatwa to your heart (he said it thrice). Goodness is something soothing for the heart and bring peace to it. Whereas evil (sin) will always disconcert the heart and trouble it.” (Narrated by Ad Darimi in hadith no.2/320 and Ahmad, 4/228, the status is hasan lighairi).

Ibn Rajab al Hanbali -may Allah have mercy on him- explained, “The hadith of Wabisha and what Resembles it showed us to always counsel our heart whenever we are in doubt of something. If the heart and soul is at ease, then it is a goodness, and a lawful one. But if the heart is restless, then it is among the sins or unlawful ones. “(See: “Jaami’ul ‘Ulum wal Hikam”, page 304). Remember that the hadith of Wabisha should be used in deciding an affair of which the status is unclear, whether it is lawful or unlawful, a sin or a goodness. As for something which status is already clear – in term of lawful or unlawful- then it is no use to counsel the heart about it.

That is what we called sin, something that always causes restless to the heart, drives it out of it’s quiet state. When someone stole, deceived, cheated, corrupted, committed major sin, or even committed a kind of shirk, his soul would hardly find peace.

If so, the question is; how come there’s still people who committed sins, and his heart is still in total peace? The answer is: it is not a justification of sin or wickedness, but the heart itself that is already fulfilled with dirts, the chains of black dots that afflicted his heart due to his committing of sins, incessantly. Allah the Exalted decreed, which can be translated as,

“No indeed! The truth is that their hearts have become rusted on account of their evil deeds. “ (QS. Al Muthoffifin: 14). If the heart kept on rusted due to the evil deeds, it would be very difficult for it to find guidance and perform righteous deed. Ibn al Qoyyim -may Allah have mercy on him- said, “If the heart gets darker, it will be very hard to recognize the guidance of truth.” (See his book: “Ad Daa’ wad Dawaa’”, page 107).

Allahumma inni as-aluka fi’lal khoiroot, wa tarkal munkaroot. O Allah, Indeed I ask of You, the doing of good deeds, and avoiding the evil deeds. (Narrated by Tirmidhi, in hadith no. 3233, the status is sahih).

Source: Magazine of Muslim Entrepreneur, October edition, 2010

Author: Ustadz Muhammad Abduh Tuasikal, S.T.

Article of www.syaria.com

O Muslim, Trade Earlier!

Looking at the present condition of our Muslim brothers, it is common for them to use their morning time lazily. They prefer to indolence at this graced time, until the sun rises or even  later. Whereas that was not the guidance of our Prophet Shallallaahu ‘alayh wa Sallam. He was used to make best of his early morning time, just as his devoted companions and noble scholars whom are our role models in our deeds and morals. All of them were used to use their morning time well.

Morning Time is An Appropriate Time to Perform Good Deeds

In the book named Sahih Bukharee, there is a narration from Abu Huraira, which he took from The Prophet Shallallaahu ‘alayh wa Sallam. He-Shallallaahu ‘alayhe wa Sallam stated,

“Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the mornings, the nights.” (Collected by Bukharee no. 38 and see the explanation of it in Fath-ul Bari).

trade earlier

The meaning of ‘al ghodwa’ in this hadeeth is a journey in the beginning of the noon. Al Jauhari said that the meaning of ‘al ghodwa’ is some time between the time of Fajr Prayer and the rising of the sun. (see Fath-ul Bari 1/62, Maktaba Shamila)

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Our Wealth is Just An Entrusted

Thing you ought to remember… that Your wealth is just an entrusted thing…

Allah Ta’ala said in His Book:

آَمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَأَنْفِقُوا مِمَّا جَعَلَكُمْ مُسْتَخْلَفِينَ فِيهِ فَالَّذِينَ آَمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَأَنْفَقُوا لَهُمْ أَجْرٌ كَبِيرٌ

“Believe in Allah and His messenger and spend (in charity) out of the (substance) whereof He has made you heirs, For, those of you who believe and spend (in charity)- for them is a great Reward.” (Al Hadeed: 7)

Among wisdoms from the verse above are:

The order to have faith in Allah and His Messenger
Motivation to spend wealth in charity
Great rewards of faith and charity

wealth in the noble quran

Al Qurthubi explained in his translation of Noble Qur’an regarding this verse: “This verse contains an indication that basically all wealth in this world belong to Allah. Servants possess nothing but whatever Allah pleased for them. And whoever spend his wealth in His cause, will be as one spends other’s wealth by the owner’s permission, thus he will get abundant of rewards.”

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Be Thankful of Every Grace, even Just A Little…

Alhamdulillah, all praises be to Allah, The Bestower of all graces. Supplications (to Allah, to exalt the mention of His messenger) and salutation given all time to our Prophet, Muhammad, his family, and his noble companions.

Every single day, we acquired uncountable graces from Allah, The Most Gracious. But sometimes, even with those merits, we still feel dissatisfied. For example, Allah The Exalted has granted us health, body and soul, which, if one want to pay to have it, is very expensive, even unmeasurable. Allah has given us long ages, which could never be paid even by all riches we possess. Nevertheless, we just consider that our wealth is our only grace, sole fortune. While actually, our health, age, and on the top of that, our belief, are either wonderful graces from Allah The Merciful.

Be Thankful of Every Grace

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