A Mabrur (Decent) Trade

A Mabrur (Decent) Trade

A Mabrur (Decent) Trade

عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ { أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سُئِلَ : أَيُّ الْكَسْبِ أَطْيَبُ ؟ قَالَ : عَمَلُ الرَّجُلِ بِيَدِهِ ، وَكُلُّ بَيْعٍ مَبْرُورٍ } رَوَاهُ الْبَزَّارُ وَصَحَّحَهُ الْحَاكِمُ

From Rifa’ah Ibn Rafi’, (he said that) the Prophet was asked about the best job, and his replied was, “A job that is done by one’s own hand, and every decent trade.” (Narrated by Bazzar no. 3731 and classified as valid hadith by al Hakim. Refer to “Bulughul Marom no. 784).

Many people assumed that the term of “mabrur” was only related to pilgrimage affair, whereas the Prophet also used it to depict a characteristic of a trade. “Mabrur” means something that contains plenty of goodnesses. Regarding the trade that contains plenty of goodnesses, or mabrur, another hadith had came to explain it further, “If the seller and the buyer were honest and they explained the real condition as it was, then the transaction between them would be blessed.” (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).

Thus, a mabrur trade is a trade that contains the elements of honesty and good explanation. Honesty in dealing with the excellence of the product, and explanation in dealing with its flaws, thus a seller will not tell that his goods is of high quality, whereas in fact it is low in quality or he knows about a defect in it but he tries to cover it.

Beside these two elements, there are the third element that must be fulfilled so that a trade could be considered as mabrur trade, which is in accordance with shari’a. A trade that transgresses the boundaries of shari’a is not included in mabrur trade. although it already has the elements of honesty and good explanation in it. A person who sells a forbidden stuff to trade, even though he is being honest in depicting about the stuff and explaining the truth about its flaw, his trade is still not considered as a mabrur one.

Thus, there are three criterion to meet for a trade to be considered as a mabrur trade, namely, 1) In accordance with shari’a and not transgressing it, 2) Honesty in explaining about the excellence of the product, and 3) explanation of the product’s flaws as it is. If one of the criteria is not met, then the trade is not considered as mabrur. Among the trades that are not considered as mabrur trade are:

A trade that transgresses the boundary of shari’a, such as selling the unlawful things, for example, musical instrument.

A trade that contains lies, for example the seller claimed that his product was of the number one quality, whereas in fact it wasn’t.

A trade that contains the element of covering or masking the flaws of the traded goods or stuffs.

Reference: “Fath Dzil Jalal wa al Ikram bi Syarh Bulugh al Maram” by Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen, book 9 page 10

Author: Ustadz Aris Munandar MPI

Article of www.Syaria.com

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